The Spine

The Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots

Spine Anatomy:

Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots

The Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots

The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system. The spinal cord is located immediately below the brain stem. It extends through the foramen magnum, a hole at the base of the skull.

The spinal cord functions as a sophisticated network that carries information from the outer elements of the body (skin, muscles, ligaments, joints) through the sensory tracts, to the central “computer,” the brain. Data are processed there, and new information such as muscle control is sent out through the motor tracts of the spinal cord.

The spinal cord ends as the conus medullaris at the L1 vertebral level, where it branches into the cauda equina, a collection of nerves that extend from the conus medularis to the sacrum. The conus medularis nerves float freely in spinal fluid, making it possible to pass a needle safely into the area to draw a sample of spinal fluid or inject drugs, anesthetics, or radiologic substances for X-ray, MRI or CT scan.

SONSA Common Disorders

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Spine Disorders
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SONSA Neurosurgery

What is Neurosurgery

SONSA Specialities

SONSA Specialities:

Skull Based Surgery

Spinal Surgery Complex and Minimally invasive (MAST)

Stereotactic Radiosurgery Consulations

Peripheral Nerve Surgery

SONSA Patient Outcomes

Why ArePatient Outcomes Important?